Neck - Cervical Pain
The cervical spine is one of the key links in the kinetic chain of physical motion. It controls head movement and, therefore, a person’s ability to direct his or her organs of sensation.
Cervico-genic headaches are those which result from problems in the neck, such as disc degeneration or prolapse, or facet joint arthritis. ‘Cervico-’ means neck, and ‘-genic’ means origin.
Lumbar (Low Back Pain)
At least 80% of individuals experience a significant episode of LBP at some point in their lives. A large proportion of these people will have no long standing effects on their life.
Dysfunction in the sacroiliac joint, or SI joint, is thought to cause low back and/or leg pain. The leg pain can be particularly difficult, and may feel similar to sciatica or pain caused by a lumbar disc herniation.
Symptoms of lumbar radiculopathy include: • A sharp pain in the back that may travel all the way to your foot—pain may become worse with certain activities like sitting or coughing • Numbness of the skin in areas of the leg or foot • Weakness in the leg What causes Lumbar Radiculopathy?
Minimally Invasive Techniques To avoid open discectomy if conservative treatment fails, injections and numerous minimally invasive techniques have been and continue to be developed for treating lumbar disk disease.
The term sciatica describes the symptoms of leg pain and possibly tingling, numbness or weakness that originates in the lower back and travels through the buttock and down the large sciatic nerve in the back of the leg.
Approximately two thirds of disk herniations occur postero-laterally, with the remainder occurring centrally. Both postero-lateral and central herniations can cause sciatica, and 95% of herniations occur at the L4-5 or L5-S1 levels. Although lifting is a mechanism of injury often associated with acute disk rupture, athletic weight lifting has not been shown to increase the risk of herniation.
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